In no other Italian region can you see so many traditional costumes as in Sardinia! Here, each town has its own dress, unique and special, and the wearer shows it proudly because it represents both the island's identity and the peasant one.
In Siniscola, the sumptuous fabrics, the colours, the delicate embroidery and precious jewels make the costume especially elegant and austere. Hand made by skilled seamstresses, it can still be considered the "gala" dress par excellence. The Sardinian costume is worn by Siniscolesi on special occasions such as religious processions, celebrations and weddings. Beautifully made, with its ancient beauty it is a symbol of elegance unique in its kind. Each costume is unique, with colours and patterns that follow common rules in the design but have different characteristics: costumes for men and for women, for celebrations and for every day, for the rich and for the poor, for shepherds and for fishermen, for married women, single women and widows.
Siniscola women can still choose between the two main costumes:
The ancient costume called "Su Corittu". This is made of several pieces, the main ones consist of: "sa caretta", a bonnet made of red cloth and brocade and finished with golden decorations, used to gather one's hair and on which "sa benda" or "su mucatore de seta" were worn.
The latter is a silk, black handkerchief hand embroidered with floral motifs ranging from dark red to purple.
Then we have "su corittu": a shaped jacket, made of red cloth or course material, smooth blue velvet and brocade. Another important piece is "su cosso", a bodice made of red cloth and brocade trimmed with golden decorations. Under the su corittu you will see "sa camisa", a candid white batiste cotton shirt with wide sleeves and with collar and cuffs embellished with hand embroidery, embroidery also present in the part called "su pettusu": the thin strip that closes the shirt in the middle. At the bottom of the dress we have a "su cassu": a white batiste cotton petticoat on top of which we find a "Sa unnedda". It is a skirt made with woollen cloth or a brown or black coarse woollen fabric, pleated and embellished at the bottom by a band of brocade or listrones (ribbons embroidered with flowers). Worn above "sa unnedda" there is " s'antela", a brocade apron decorated with golden trimmings.
The second version of the female Siniscolese costume which originated in the nineteenth century is the most "modern" called "Su Gibbone".
If you look at it from top to bottom it is composed of "su mucatore de istringhere", a handkerchief made of dark red cotton used to gather one's hair and on which "su mucatore" is worn, a black woollen handkerchief hand embroidered with silk threads.
Going down we find "su gibbone", a short jacket with wide sleeves made for the most part in "terziopero", a fabric obtained by processing smooth velvet on silk or cotton.
We also have "su zustillu", a lovely bodice also made with "terziopero" the purpose of which is to support and enhance a woman's breast.
Under the bodice we have "su camisa" a white shirt with wide sleeves which, like the earlier costume, has fine embroidery also present in the collar and in the neckline known as "de su pettusu". Even in this costume you will find "su cassu", the petticoat, and above it "sa unnedda", a black or blue skirt made with woollen cloth, pleated, enriched in the bottom part with "sos listrones" (Silk ribbons embroidered with various colours). Above this you can see "s'antela", an apron made with "terziopero".
The male costume, however, is much simpler than the female one but equally unique and special. It is composed of "sa berritta", the black cloth headdress about 50 cm long. "Sa camisa," a batiste cotton shirt with wide sleeves and small embroidery on the cuffs and collar. Above this we have "su zustillu", a tight bodice made with smooth blue velvet and red cloth (in the costume of the rich) or coarse orange cloth (in the costume of the poorer); adorned with blue ribbons denoting the Siniscolese origin and colourful hand embroidery.
In the lower part of the outfit we have "sos carzones", white trousers in batiste cotton, ankle-length to avoid contact of the coarse fabric with the skin. Above them we have "sas ragas", a black skirt in coarse woollen material or cloth with a red border joined at the bottom by a strip called "letranca". On top of it there is "sa chintorja" a leather belt with embroidery on the front that evokes that of the female costume, closed with a leather strap called "sa curria". And finally we have "sas carzittas": tight, knee-high leggings created with coarse black woollen fabric or cloth, and tied by red laces for the wedding day or blue laces in everyday life called "sas capizzolas".
The costumes are further embellished with jewels, often made in filigree, which are matched to the dress and contribute to give it greater prominence: gold and silver buttons, rings, bracelets, necklaces, pendants, amulets and brooches also made of gold or silver or jewellery made with coral, the quality of which is one of the best in the world.
You will be in awe when you observe every detail of these dresses, when you see them, think about how much work and how much skill is behind every pleating, embroidery and cutting of each of these gorgeous costumes; it's a pleasure for your eyes when you admire the jewellery but most of all, observe the pride and austerity with which they are worn by Siniscolesi.